By the end of World War I, 33,000 women had served as nurses and support staff in the military.
Before America entered World War II, the only jobs American women usually worked were as school teachers and nurses. Nurses working in the forces didn’t have ranks and weren’t considered as enlisted.
World War II saw women returning to factory work in even larger numbers than in WWI. Posters were made to help recruit women for factory work and the new branches in the military designed for women. The posters often showed hard-working women who wore makeup and still looked beautiful. Iconic images, such as “Rosie the Riveter”, assured women that they could remain feminine while doing the “tough” jobs of men: building ships, aircraft, vehicles, and munitions.